Thursday, August 27, 2020

Relevance to Addiction Treatment System †

Question: Talk about the Relevance to Addiction Treatment System. Answer: Presentation: Comorbid circumstance in instances of habit treatment with mental setting can introduce colossal measures of difficulties. While clinicians are concocting ways and strategies in rewarding the equivalent, there may be an enhanced scope of issues that yields up from such circumstances. Guideline gave from logical examination that requirements to treat comorbid conditions are in a troublesome state currently(Hall, 2009). In comorbid circumstances patients with psychological sickness alongside medicate misuse displays more issue that are industrious contrasted with different patients, who encounters each confusion in turn. Analysts and researchers are anyway gaining consistent ground in the area with careful exploration on existing treatment choices for comorbidity with execution of screening and treatments(Galanter, 2007). Wellbeing administrations needs to make a viable medicine treatment for liquor, rewarding narcotic, nicotine compulsion alongside other mental issue in comorbid popul aces. Examination delineates that one prescription may have abilities to give treatment to a disparate issues. Proof related social insurance proposes utilization of bupropion, which can be received for rewarding of gloom, nicotine reliance simultaneously diminish tranquilize yearnings. There should be colossal exploration in the field of comorbidity to build up dually viable prescriptions. Frequently conduct based treatment either alone or in mix with different medications can be utilized in instances of comorbid conditions and in rewarding them (Prochaska, 2010). Reference Lists Galanter, M. D. (2007). Appraisal of otherworldliness and its pertinence to dependence treatment. Diary of Substance Abuse Treatment, 257-264. Corridor, S. M. (2009). Treatment of smokers with co-happening issue: accentuation on reconciliation in emotional well-being and enslavement treatment settings. Yearly Review of Clinical Psychology, 409-431. Prochaska, J. J. (2010). Inability to treat tobacco use in emotional well-being and dependence treatment settings: a type of damage decrease? Medication and liquor reliance, 177-182.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Falling in love Essay Example for Free

Beginning to look all starry eyed at Essay English sentimental writer John Keats was conceived on October 31st 1795 in London. He lost the two guardians at an early age and turned into an understudy at fifteen with his watchman at his medical procedure. He got proficient in the field however decided to compose poetry. He composed his best verse somewhere in the range of 1818 and 1819 in the wake of beginning to look all starry eyed at. He kicked the bucket of tuberculosis, the sentimental ailment, in the fall of 1856. La Belle Dame Sans Merci is an excellent, enchanted and enthralling sonnet. It is exceptionally baffling and leaves the peruser feeling somewhat muddled. I needed to peruse this anthem a few times before seeing completely what it was about however I think this is simply because of the more intricate language utilized. The cadence is somewhat unexpected in spots and I figure the entire sentimentalism of this sonnet would put a few perusers off. This is an uncommonly delightful story, especially a fantasy and is shockingly straightforward once the language is aced. Utilizing numerous correlations with nature, the writer firmly stresses the ferocity of the setting to help back up how wild and normally wonderful this captivating lady is. Beginning with an inquiry and a decent one as well, this catches regard for the sonnet without any problem. For what reason is the Knight sauntering around such a ruined and most likely wintered place? What's more, the inquiry is then rehashed as though the Knight is in a daze. With a pale face, wrinkles on his temple and a perspiration of fever dew he starts to clarify in the fourth measure, his account of how he came to be here He met a wild, delightful, confusing lady who, with her faery-like appeal charmed him completely devoted to her. She cried and he support her. For what reason would she say she was crying? She at that point charmed him into a fantasy where he saw numerous individuals all pale shouting out with enormous starving mouths in the dusk; La Belle Dame Sans Merci hath thee in bondage! The knight woke sitting on the virus slopes side failing to sleep, lost in his affection for that engaging, wonderful lady who caught him. There are three phases of tone in this sonnet: the primary, inquisitive and cold, while the second is loaded with life, magnificence and love. In the third segment the knight recounting to the story is immediately taken back to the frigidity and passing of the slope where he is reviled to meander. The puzzle of this story assists with dazzling the crowd and the run of the mill adventure of affection not being acknowledged is something individuals can unequivocally identify with making this sonnet a success! In La Belle Dame even the sentimental French title delineates excellence while Miss Gee is the undeniable title for a sonnet about an exceptionally dull individual like Miss Gee. La Belle Dame is an extremely theoretical sonnet utilizing nature and fantasy to portray love and grief. Miss Gee utilizes straightforward language and extremely solid realities. There is little creative mind towards it yet this is ideal for passing on such a swoon character as Edith Gee. The account of La Belle Dame is about a delightful lady who catches warriors and princesses with her undying excellence. Shockingly Miss Gee is the direct inverse unquestionably not wonderful and not beguiling anybody, not so much as a companion. She would acknowledge somebody who might be keen on her however the lovely lady just uses the individuals who succumb to her. The way that the understudies who cut up and chuckle at Miss Gee are men thinks about well to the following sonnet where the lady has control over the men. The delightful lady feels no blame nearly making her shrewd, soul less however Miss Gee even feels blame for her fantasies. This truly shows magnificence is quite shallow and Miss Gee never found the opportunity or had the certainty to demonstrate this Yet through La Belle anybody that became more acquainted with her and were caught by her excellence at that point understood that she was not all she gave off an impression of being La Belle Dame Sans Merci hath th ee in bondage! The two sonnets take in the issue of depression the valiant Knight who can just accuse his simple self and the hopeless Miss Edith who needs so severely to have friendship. The two melodies dont have upbeat endings-Miss Gees deplorable passing with her body being utilized for staring understudies and the Knight who was left palely loitering. Overall I favored La Belle Dame Sans Merci in light of the fact that it is a charming story leaving you considering what befell the Knight in light of the fact that most fantasies have a glad completion. The individual toward the beginning who posed the inquiry may have helped him escape and the Knight said; that is the reason I stay here. Visit intends to remain briefly, which implies that possibly the Knight was hoping to break the revile. Being a cliché fantasy Knight this break would be probable. Miss Gee was miserable and unfortunate yet it was fairly practical not all lives have a cheerful closure.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Techinical High School Essay Samples - Find Out What Topics Students Should Consider

Techinical High School Essay Samples - Find Out What Topics Students Should ConsiderHigh school students need to write essays for various reasons and Techinical high school essay samples will be a great way to begin. A good reason for writing a technical high school essay is to learn about the various topics they study and write about in science class. A Techinical high school essay is also a great way to show your talent for writing and to communicate with your classmates.Techinical high school essay samples include sample essays written by other high school students. Techinical high school essays are used by students in order to find out which topic they should write about in their science project. The essay samples provide tips for a student who is having trouble choosing a topic.There are many different types of Techinical essay samples that students can read in order to get ideas on how to write a successful science project. You can use them as reference for ideas or you can use them as a manual to find out what type of essay to write. You should try and write the best essay possible because this will help you in getting better grades.Students can easily find tutorials on how to write a better essay by checking out different topics and samples. Other ways that they can get hints on writing an essay include taking notes during lectures or from lectures. Students can also check out websites online to find out tips on how to write a good essay.High school students should be able to find ways to learn more about different topics and use them as a reference for their own writing. Some topics that are covered in Techinical high school essays include: dinosaurs, construction equipment, gravity, gravity waves, germs, or bacteria. These topics are used to show how scientists use different words and scientific terms in order to describe their findings.Students will want to learn all they can about the topics on which they are writing their essay so they will underst and how these things relate to one another. These topics are extremely important and they should be taught properly in order to get them to read correctly. Students need to be able to explain why they are discussing certain things in their essay.Writing an essay for a science project is something that everyone should consider doing. Students should find out as much as they can about the topics they will be writing about and then they should use these topics as a guide to write an essay. When they start to work on writing an essay, they should have an idea of the topic that they are going to be writing about.Topics should be researched and their subject matter should be outlined so the student can better understand what the topic means to them. There are many different topics that are used for Techinical high school essays and these topics are a great way to learn about science. Students should take the time to learn all they can about topics before they start writing their Techinica l high school essay.

Monday, May 25, 2020

How The Society Values Computer Technology - 1716 Words

Name: Tubonemi Emmanuel Tamunobelema. Matric No: NS160014. Computer and the Society How the Society values Computer Technology Question: Google SDK/Artificial-Intelligence: Is it Good or bad? Table of Content 1.0 Introduction†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦1 1.1 My theory†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦2 1.2 Respondents opinions†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦5 2.0 Summary and Conclusion†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..10 Figures Fig 1.2.0 Do you interact with artificial intelligent systems? ........................................5 Fig 1.2.1 is it possible for human thinking to be replicated in humans? ......................6 Fig 1.2.2 Do you believe AI will replace humans in future†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦7 Fig 1.2.3 Do the promises of AI scare you? †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦8 Fig†¦show more content†¦Charles Babbage’s work paved way for the possibility of general calculation (The ability of a machine to perform any calculation making his work the closest to modern computers) – and yes computer is a machine (as it basically performs calculations). Computer as a machine too has evolved from very large, slow hard to maintain types to smaller, a little bit faster and easier to maintain types and now very small, very fast and so easy to maintain computers (Like smartphones and tablets) and we now have computers deployed with complex algorithms that can learn, adapt/mimic human behaviors and perform various complex manipulations even faster and better than a human can (i.e. Artificial Intelligence). Artificial intelligence (a term coined by john McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference in 1956) as a rapidly growing and expanding field can be described as the science and engineering of making intelligent machines (powered by in powerful complex algorithms) (McCarthy) that able to mimic the cognitive characteristics of humans (i.e. learning and problem solving) by being able to perceive its environment and take appropriate actions that maximize its success at some goal which may include but no restricted self-driving cars. Competing and excelling at high level games in strategic games like chess and go, intelligent routing in content delivery networks (i.e. Courier services), Military situations (as seen in anti-aircraft andShow MoreRelatedThe Invisibility Factor Of Computers1185 Words   |  5 Pages In James Moor’s publication in METAPHILOSOPHY entitled â€Å"What Is Computer Ethics† Moore discusses the fact that the â€Å"invisibility factor of computers present s us with a dilemma.† The invisibility factor relates to the fact that computer operations are often invisible; they can’t be viewed by man (Moore, 1985). To explain this concept, Moore gives the example of a computer programmer. Moore explains that the computer programmer may be aware of what was input and output, he/she may not completelyRead MoreTechnology And Learning : Enabling Or Subverting1362 Words   |  6 PagesTopic Technology and Learning: Enabling or Subverting, Chapter 12 Analysis of Required Reading Position 1: Technology Enables Learning As we employ new technological tools, our views about technology itself change. Advances are being made in areas such as solar energy, radio, television microwave, medical imaging, satellite communication, and laser surgery and our children need to be able to keep up with these and other technological advances now and in the future. After all, technological knowledgeRead MoreTechnological Advancements Around The World Have Developed1609 Words   |  7 PagesTechnological advancements around the world have developed a unique platform for exclusive application technology as a critical tool useful in the definition of social as well as economic advancements. The extent to which different people can access the technological advancements is significant to the definition of how challenging it is for people to access the same technological advancements, hence the creation of a digital divide. The digital divide can be defined as the state of social inequalityRead MorePersuasive Essay On T echnology And Technology1032 Words   |  5 Pages Imagine how long it would take you to send out over 36,000 text messages in only one month’s time. Now imagine how many social actives, school actives, and family times you would miss you on if you sent this out this many text messages. As ridiculous as this may sound, this is exactly what one girl from California did. From computer Internet and cell phone usage to iPods and gaming systems, both modern day adults and children are becoming addicted to technology at an alarming rate. Modern day technologyRead MoreSocietys Addiction to Computers Essay781 Words   |  4 Pagesin technology, computers have developed to be the leader of the world. Increasingly, computers are playing more roles in helping people to remember a friend’s birthday or maintain relationships with others. Therefore, they have contributed positive to the development of relationships and improvement of the general knowledge of the society. Critics however argue that the society is becoming progressive ly more dependent on computers. In this essay, the arguments for the dependency on computers willRead MoreGrowing Technology1448 Words   |  6 PagesGrowing Technology Famous 1930s actor Bill Benedict expresses â€Å"Technology is getting a new life.† Basically, technology is evolving so much and so fast it is almost as if it is gaining a life of its own. The new technology that’s emerging gives individual’s a new life and new way of living. In Jonathan Rowe’s essay, â€Å"Reach Out and Annoy Someone,† he illustrates his frustration with the new technology better known as a cell phone. He focuses on the negative impact cell phones have onRead MoreContemporary Art Issues: Digital Art in Malaysia1334 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction Digital art started around 1952 in US when Ben F. Laposky produced Oscillon Number Four. Artist always eager to produce something that beyond limitation of technology and mostly, artist at that time is computer programmer because no graphic software was available at that time. Herbert W. Franke, John Withney Sr. and Ben F. Laposky are one of the pioneers in digital art. Ben Laposky has created first graphic image generated by an analog machine. A mathematician and artist from IowaRead MoreThe History and Technology of the Computer in the Nineteenth Century1590 Words   |  7 PagesIn our fast pace society, technology is ever changing. This has ultimately resulted in technology always being at our fingertips. On an average day so many people are dependent on computers for their capabilities; including, police officers, small businesses, Wall Street, and even the average person for leisure. Without the invention of the first mechanical computer design in 1822 by Charles Baggage, our society would not be where it is at today. The computer has been noted to be most of theRead MoreTechnology and the Concept of Privacy1704 Words   |  7 Pagesinterference and surveillance. This paper reviews ethical aspects of information privacy and information technology. The issues discussed are the concept privacy, impact of technology on the private lives of p eople, influence of technology on processing, storing and accessing private information and proposed solutions to these issues. The state of privacy is the prevalent concern in the modern societies, given that the socio-economic activities are now could be translated into digital data. The explosionRead MoreWhat Is Computer Ethics Written By James H. Moor889 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to the article What is Computer Ethics written by James H. Moor (1985), the reason behind computers being revolutionary for over 40 years is their logical malleability. With every new technology programmed, there must be a policy that governs its use. Each technology has a different purpose ranging from a simple calculator to social robots that can teach students or show children with medical conditions how to take their medication (Davis, 2013). The potential for social robots to have

Friday, May 15, 2020

Project Management of Unexpected Events - 6013 Words

International Journal of Project Management 26 (2008) 80–86 Project management of unexpected events Anders So ¨derholm * Umea ° School of Business, Umea ° University, SE-901 87 Umea ° , Sweden Abstract Unexpected events and environmental impact not planned for are common during project implementation. This article explores how unexpected events are dealt with in projects using qualitative case study data from four di erent cases. Results show four di erent approaches to deal with unexpected events: innovative action, applying detachment strategies, setting up intensive meeting schedules and negotiating project conditions are common approaches to deal with the unexpected events. The discussion shed new†¦show more content†¦More precisely, we aim at an outline of di er- interest is given the everyday struggle to keep projects on ent categories of unexpected events appearing in projects as track and on schedule, and not much is conveyed in terms a consequence of environmental impact and how these are of how the unexpected [28,29] is dealt with. dealt with. Engwall [8] provides an important contribution, high- lighting how parallel activities in the organizational con- 1.1. Between plans and unexpected events text, experiences and pre-project processes, institutional forces and future aspirations come together in creating Traditional and normative project management models, the project context. He is able to extend the view of projects such as the various bodies of knowledge presently on the by adding time (before and after) and space (organizational market, are highly rational and sequential in the approach context) to the understanding of a focal project. The anal- to project management issues, built on the idea of major ysis shows that time frames as well as contextual frames are independent projects being the role model, heavily depen- important for the understanding of project execution and dent on structure, administrative systems and the execution success or failure. of plans. Several text books also discusses project manage- When projects are put into context, as in Engwall’s arti- ment along similar lines (there are many, see e.g.Show MoreRelatedA Brief Note On Budget, Time And User Requirements1699 Words   |  7 Pagesfollowing paper will explore project management as it relates to budget, time and user requirements. These are all important aspects to be aware of when developing or managing software projects. There are various online resources available to give guidance on how to properly meet these requirements. Budget is met in various ways and after considering many factors. These include failure to recognize cost for resources used on the project, not leaving room for the unexpected, and not continuously monitoringRead MoreManagement Plan For The Music Festival1263 Words   |  6 Pages Project management has always been an important branch of management. It involves gathering different resources with using a scientific approach of management to build all types of projects, starting from infrastructure facilities and buildings, to IT projects, or even to prepare and manage special events. As far as special events are concerned, Music Festivals usually require precise planning and organising for many reasons. The huge number of guests associated with such events, and the differentRead MoreRisk Management in Export-Import Business1463 Words   |  6 PagesRisk Management in Export-Import Business Now since the world is all connected and globalization became normal in this century, many investors and traders turn into international trading. International trading opens a very likely chance of benefiting market to do successful business. International trading includes exporting and importing which allows the businessman to connect personally with all the necessary suppliers and manufacturers which will eventually lead to cost effectiveness. HoweverRead MoreThe Five Step Risk Management Process Essay1473 Words   |  6 PagesEstablishing Facts Step 2 in the five step risk management process involves analyzing the risk events and impacts identified in Step 1. This step is designed to help identify which risks are significant enough to the monorail project to require active risk management. To ensure action plans implemented in Step 4 are effective, it is essential to gain a better understanding of why a risk event or impact may occur, as well as its effect on the total loss with respect to the project’s total cost. TheRead MoreRisk and Project Management703 Words   |  3 Pagesdesigned project management program, the effective evaluation of potential risks is a critical component for managers and other project leaders tasked with supervisory role. The sheer number of unforeseen circumstances which can arise during the course of a business project is daunting indeed, but proper project planning requires the anticipation and neutralization of various risks to assure that a goals are met without external disruption. A ccording to the authors of Integrated Project Management, a recognizedRead MoreEffective Management Of Project Risk Management1435 Words   |  6 PagesGood Risk Management – Good governance This article describes the effective management of project risks in an educational institution. In this article I’ll be talking about the information that are useful to the board members as well as the team with their risk management efforts. â€Å"In the future we will look at risks affecting the whole of an organization and its place in the community. We will address both upside and downside consequences, and our view will be enterprise-wide, integrated and holisticRead MoreFinancial Plan For An Organization1507 Words   |  7 Pagesincurred in weeks or months to come. While financial plan helps on to plan for funding financial objectives and goals in 5 years and over. Creating a financial plan means make a long-term strategy for achieving goals while making budget implies the management of money in day-to-day business operations. In a financial plan, one track records of progress in quarterly and semi-annually basis which in a budget, expenses and incomes are tracked in a weekly and monthly basis. Fiscal details In a financialRead MoreConstruction Project : Complex And Unique Environments1186 Words   |  5 PagesConstruction project is complex and unique environments that involves many parties to accomplish successful project which many of them have different backgrounds, expectations, perceptions, knowledge and experiences. It can lead clash among parties, which have discrepancy standard specifications and outcomes. In terms of prevention and reduce of dispute in construction projects, this study has aim to identify the most frequent events can contribute conflicts and disputes during planning design andRead MoreInfrastructure Development With Economic Development1702 Words   |  7 Pageswith one another. Therefore, economic growth will trigger a rise in infrastructure programs which creates a significant number of construction projects. The fulfillment of the performance expectations of the stakeholders is the success of a project (Charrett, 2008). Successful construction program does not generate in disputes. However, the building project is a competitive and complex work environment in which participants cooperate with each other from different backgrounds, professions, abilitiesRead MoreTechniques for Estimating Task Duration in Project Management1395 Words   |  6 Pages TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING TASK DURATIONS IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT As part of planning a project, tasks are assigned to project team members. Durations for task completion are also specified. Task duration estimation is necessary since it helps in cost and resource estimation. Iranmanesh and Mokhtari (2008), further affirmed the importance of project duration estimation by saying that, estimation of time and cost to complete work in a project and follow up them during implementation are major contributors

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Juvenile Boot Camps - 1281 Words

Juvenile Boot Camps In this project I am going to talk about the problem that different states have in juvenile offenders and how they deal with them in regards to juvenile boot camps, also I am going to explain what is known about juvenile boot camps in the United States, the degree of success of these efforts, and a general summary of boot camps. With that in mind I am going to answer 4 different questions in order to gain a better understanding of this program. The questions I will answer are as follows: How have different jurisdictions dealt with delinquency problems, Which states have boot camps and why, When did these states start using them, and finally What types of offenders are associated with these boot camps. To start†¦show more content†¦They have set up 5 guidelines to juvenile boot camps and they are as follows: 1. Participation by nonviolent offenders only; 2. A residential phase of 6 months or less; 3. A regimented schedule stressing discipline and physical training; 4. Participation by inmates in appropriate education opportunities, job training, and substance abuse counseling or treatment; and 5. Provision of aftercare services that are coordinated with the program that is provided during the period of confinement In the beginning there were great achievements in boot camps for kids. First year boot camp completion rates were high, ranging from 80 percent to 94 percent. Youths improved in educational performance, physical fitness, and behavior. Ratings of youths in respect for authority, self-discipline, teamwork, and personal appearance also improved significantly. Youths who graduated from the 3 month boot camp and remained in aftercare for at least 5 months reported positive changes in attitudes and behavior. The main objectives of all juvenile boot camps and after care activities are pretty much the same, here are a few: o Serve as a cost-effective alternative to Institutionalization. o Promote discipline through physical conditioning And teamwork. o Instill moral values and a work ethic. o Promote literacyShow MoreRelatedJuvenile Boot Camps Essay1006 Words   |  5 PagesRunning Head: Juvenile Boot Camps Juvenile Boot Camps John Coale TESST College CM102 Professor Tuer September 4, 2010 Abstract This paper will discuss the history of the canine dog. This paper will also discuss the different breeds of the canine and its purposes. This paper focuses on the training, handling, and the overall care of the canine by the police or other agencies involving canines. Increased juvenile delinquency and engagement in crime has been an issue of concern to manyRead MoreEssay on Juvenile Boot Camps3738 Words   |  15 Pagesthat I plan to take on in this research proposal is rehabilitation for minors. I mainly want to focus on minors 16 years of age or younger. The question I wish to answer more specifically is, does boot camp benefit or harm a troubled minor? I also wish to learn the short and long term affects of these camps, do they just create a short term solution, or do they in fact shape minors into law abiding citizens that can contribute to society? I plan on answering these questions using past and present researchRead More Boot Camps and Juvenile Crime Essay1148 Words   |  5 PagesBoot Camps and Juvenile Crime Five years ago, responding to an increase in serious juvenile crime, the state of Maryland initiated one of the nations largest boot camp programs for teenage criminals. The program, called the Leadership Challenge, quickly became the model for other states. But last week, after reviewing a task force report that documented instances of physical abuse at their camps, Maryland officials appeared on the verge of conceding that the current initiative was a failure.Read MoreJuvenile Boot Camps Essay examples604 Words   |  3 PagesJuvenile Boot Camps Juvenile boot camps have been emerging more and more over the United States throughout the most recent years. At the rate they keep appearing, they seem as though they are here to stay. However, that might not be the truth quite yet. Several groups believe that they appear to be efficient and supportive to the youth at question. But Read MoreThe Total Effects Of Boot Camps That House Juveniles847 Words   |  4 PagesThe Total Effects of Boot Camps That House Juveniles: A Systematic Review of the Evidence. In the 1980s the first shock incarceration programs or boot camp was introduced for the adult’s correctional system. Since than it have rapidly grown, and widely adopted across the fields of corrections and juvenile justice. The attraction towards the shock incarceration program originated from the instinctive belief that military methods promote honorable behavior. However, for others, it is the effectRead MoreJuvenile Boot Camps : A Shock Incarceration Technique1894 Words   |  8 PagesJuvenile boot camps are what are known as a shock incarceration technique. The purpose of shock incarceration is to scare the convicted into changing their ways. Unlike most other shock incarceration techniques, the boot camp method is designed as a way to promote structure and discipline into the lives of the juveniles. They do this by having a highly structured routine that includes physical training, marching in formation, and professional development activities. The use of juvenile b oot campsRead More Juvenile Boot Camps Do Not Reduce Juvenile Delinquency Essay3001 Words   |  13 PagesIntroduction Juvenile delinquency is a relatively new phenomenon. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The United States developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the Juvenile Justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarcerationRead MoreBoot Camps Essay961 Words   |  4 PagesBoot Camps The history and explanation of how these institutions are operated The increase in violent behavior amongst Americas youth has prompted the implementation of more effective rehabilitation methods. With the percentage of non-violent offenders on the rise, prison incarceration or juvenile detention doesnt seem to be the right solution for rehabilitation. In December 1983 a new idea emerged in Giorgia. This new idea was shock incarceration or boot camp. These temporaryRead MoreEvaluation Of The Boot Camps2381 Words   |  10 PagesIntroduction Boot camps became a force to be reckoned with in the 1980s. It was at first imagined as a powerful apparatus for settling behavioral issues of high schoolers. This approach was gotten from the military style of rectifying the conduct of blundering individuals from the military. Boot camps for young people have turned into a well known disciplinary alternative for guardians with juvenile kids. Regularly prescribed by instructors or by state equity frameworks as a contrasting option toRead MoreCorrectional Boot Camps - Shock Incarceration2187 Words   |  9 PagesCorrectional Boot Camps - Shock Incarceration Abstract While most criminal end up in general population, there are many other ways to do time. Boot camp is an option for petty offenders. Successfully completing the program, criminal offenders can bypass prison all together. Though it may be a safer choice, it is not as easy as it sounds. This paper evaluates the history of correctional boot camps, the eligibility of whom is accepted into the program, the graduation statics, and crime recidivism

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Psychopathic Behavior free essay sample

The Psychopath Understanding and Treatment Abstract Mental health disorders are among the most complex disorders to understand. Persons with these types of disorders are not commonly accepted into society. Psychopaths are among some of the most difficult disorders to treat. These persons most often come from a background lacking structure and continuity. Proper treatment is heavily debated. Report It is a popular belief that psychopaths are considered to be individuals that are as brilliantly charming as they are morally insane. However, the tendency to refer to the psychopathic behavior as â€Å"morally insane† is a misconception. Regardless of scientific discoveries, psychopathy is a disease which results in a physiological deficiency. The brain of psychopaths is believed to fail in generation of proper wave activity. Waves emitted are generally slower in individuals suffering from psychopathic behavior. This fundamental incompetence is responsible for a lower degree of arousal when these persons face a threatening situation. We will write a custom essay sample on Psychopathic Behavior or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Their lack of anxiety and consequent careless behavior in any situation is commonly referred to as lack of conscience. These individuals lack the plethora of emotions that arise in the â€Å"normal† individual; that is, the ability to feel, to anticipate the breaking of the law, or to feel sorry when they break these laws. They are deprived of a conscience which organizes the moral notions of good and bad. In normal behavior, acts are constrained by external laws at work in society.The conscience of average individuals are able to anticipate any destructive action which could obstruct the law. Psychopaths don’t have such a capacity. They are leading a life which ignores external impediments. This fundamental unawareness is directly related to a slower activity of waves at work in the brain. This abnormality blocks the entire process of learning. The lower waves produce a decreased response of anxiety which causes the psychopaths to not be anxious or afraid of punishment when they perform a reprehensible action.According to Cleckley’ s definition of psychopathic behavior in the Mask of Sanity , (1988) when one of them breaks the law, he or she does not experience a sense of shame or guilt. When psychopaths are faced with any form of punishment – it could be physical pain or punishment regardless of the deliberate breaking of laws- they do not react with as much anticipation as the average individual. This is because they lack a part of the neurological process which allows them to avoid pain; that is, the adequate rise in palmar sweat gland activity which generates the adequate stimulus.Therefore, the psychopath will reproduce the same harmful actions again and again. In 1954, Ellington’ s experiments showed that between 31 % and 58 % of psychopaths showed some form of electroencephalogram abnormality lo cated in the temporal lobes of the cerebral hemispheres. Another experience regarding the lack of anxiety in psychopaths was lead in 1965 by Robert Hare. In that experience, psychopathic and non-psychopathic subjects were told that each time they would see the number eight in a series of number from one to twelve, they would receive an electric shock.Non-psychopathic individuals showed higher rates of anxiety when they knew the number eight was about to come. On the contrary, psychopathic individuals remain perfectly calm at the sight of the feared number. These results are important since they show that it is a physiological deficiency rather than deliberate insanity that is responsible for the psychopath’s criminal behavior. Another perception largely spread among the population concerns the traditional representation of the psychopath who is figured out as a habitual pleasure seeker, constantly searching for the next big thrill.In the movie the Silence of the Lambs, such a personality is embodied in Hannibal Lector, a frightening psychopath who, by his compelling need of strong experiences, breaks the boundaries of decency. The portrayal of this character embodies the collective myths referring to the mental scheme of the psychopath. The representation is romanticized in order to play with society’s fascination for the violation of laws. However, the popular myths have captured one of the most fundamental features of the psychopathic personality as described by Cleckley, cited in p. 479 of Abnormal Behavior. Most psychopaths become bored quickly with the humdrum of everyday life. They search constantly for new thrills and experiences daring robberies, impersonations, confidence games, new varieties of drugs and deviant sexual behavior†. The psychopath occasionally needs to receive a stimuli stronger than the average person in order to be aroused and, eventually, find â€Å"the game† exciting. Therefore, psychopath’s brain activity is not always below the average. Otherwise, this decreased activity would have it made difficult to explain the energy the psychopath shows in order to catch his victim.When an immediate reward is offered, impulsivity of the individual suffering from psychopathic disorder increases through an immediate responsiveness to the appealing stimulus. From a neurological point of view, the slow brainwaves are balanced by a peak of specific waves located in the temporal area and linked to the individual’s impulsivity; which, in that case, appears every time there is a promise of instantaneous reward. In 1993, Patterson and Newman conducted a test, the purpose of which was to analyze the reaction of psychopaths when they were confronted with instantaneous rewards.The results where puzzling. While the non-psychopathic individuals, conscious that they were losing their money, stopped to play, nine out of ten psychopaths continued to play even though they had lost money on nineteen of the twenty trials. In that case, the immediate reward which was money functioning as a powerful stimulus, constituted the new thrill. Since psychopathic behavior violates the laws at work in society, the view commonly held among people is that, from an early age, environmental factors cause the psychopathic disorder.The characteristics underlying psychopathy are denial of the society’s rules or simply lack of concern for the other fellow men. It can be asserted that, at some point in their life, the maturation of a psychopath’s self has encountered several barriers which, in turn, have resulted in a distorted ego in the young adult. The psychopath is unable to avoid the satisfaction of his primary impulses as well as not feeling the guilt associated with the breaking of a given rule. All these processes were part of the values that, as a young child, the individual has internalized through particular schemes.These schemes referred to as cognitive schemes essentially lie in the emotional responses which are provided by the external world. Through these cognitive clues, an entire world of tenderness an d care provides the baby with identifiable marks necessary to his present and future well being. These cognitive schemes are mediation processes between the individual and the world in the sense that, through them, the child distinguishes the good from the bad. Little by little, he is able to build his consciousness of the surrounding world.But, because either the psychotic child has been stopped from doing so at some point of his life or that, generally, these signs have been distributed in spare quantity, the individual will develop psychopathic tendencies since he lacks the ability to relate himself to the world in a proper way. One quick look at the background of Charles Manson is enough to understand the role played by environmental factors in his rearing and the consequent deviant personality he developed through the years. In the book abnormal behavior on p. 488, it is showed that Manson’s mother â€Å"modeled a life of prostitution, irresponsibility and crime.She probably provided little in the way of cognitive structuring about rules, consequences, or values. † For the young boy there was little left to model his life on. What he became later has been certainly influenced by the poor education he received which, in turn, resulted in a subsequent failure to internalize society’s prohibitions. The biological approach provided the theory of environmental factors as shaping the future personality with a number of interesting clues. Franz Kallman found that a high percentage of children of psychopaths ended up themselves with psychopathic disorders.The main reason was that their parents were indeed institutionalized for psychopathic symptoms and once left alone, these children experienced the deprivation of external warnings consequent to the familial structure’s withdrawal. As a result of this lack of guidance, they ended up psychopaths. Moreover a study focusing on children who spend their early years in institutions where there is less love offered than in a family structure, revealed that they later showed an aggressiv e behavior toward both humans and animals. However, the assertions have to be manipulated cautiously in the sense that if those children later isplayed a criminal behavior though vandalism, truancy and antisocial activities, not all of them ended up psychopath. Seventy to 85 percent of individuals classified as criminals meet the criteria for anti- social personality disorder. By contrast only 15 to 25 percent of convicted criminals meet the criteria for psychopathy. All experiments stated above have shown how the characteristics of psychopathy as a disease are dramatically profound. Generally, the subjects’ clear lack of conscience diminishes dramatically their concrete chances of effective treatment.Nevertheless, science has built its success on an attempt to improve on common limitations, constantly challenging even the most irremediable cases. In that perspective, through the years, several approaches to the treatment of psychopathy have been designed. From a biological point of view, if we assume that psychopathy is a disease which has its physical causes in an abnormal brain activity, that physiological deficiency can be corrected by drug treatment. However, the implications of such treatments have to be considered carefully for whoever is aware of the ethical implications involved by such manipulations.For a long time, psychopaths have been treated with a variety of drugs such as dilantin, sodium, and amphetamine sulfate. Occasional recoveries have been reported. However, the lack of follow-up studies once the subject stopped taking the medications has called into question the overall efficiency of the treatment. Generally, patients do show improvement while taking their medications as prescribed. Moreover, if the drug treatment effectively alleviates the pain, it involves a passive approach to that disease. Indeed, to give a psychopath a pill for lack of real structures adapted to his particular disease represents an â€Å"easy way† to deal with the problem. One illustrative case concerns the use of such drugs treatments in the late 70’s. In that time, assuming that psychopathy was an incurable disease, certain institutions distributed those drugs â€Å"too generously†, which, in turn, led the patients suffering from psychopathic symptoms to experiencing a general apathy. This process raised an ethical question: 1. To what extent should the pain be alleviated? 2. Were these drugs dministered in order to help the patients or simply to put them in a great situation of passivity, making sure they would not hurt anyone? Still, this passivity was believed to be better than the manifestation of psychopathic symptoms in which the patient could have an uncontrollable outburst of rage. However, drug treatment generally tries to stabilize the situation rather than look for dy namic solutions which involve an active participation both of the doctor and of his patient. In any case, the use of mediations has to be manipulated cautiously in order to avoid such excesses.Doctors should use them only when it has been established case per case that the violent behavior is clearly related to a brain dysfunction. From a psycho dynamic perspective, the treatment of psychopathic disorders through psychoanalysis is believed by many to be inadequate. Psychoanalysis tends to analyze the conflicts between the id, the ego and the superego. These internal conflicts are at the basis of the personality. On the contrary, a psychopath doesn’t experience these underlying conflicts. He has become psychopath precisely because he lacked a superego which could have provided him social standards . Whereas most of us are able to sit in an armchair and express our remorse, the psychopath is not likely to expand himself in sorrowful complaints about all the damages he caused to his surroundings. In fact, if his disease is a result of a poor internalization of moral values, he is not able to be lucid and clear about himself. This lack of clarity related to a lack of conscience is one of the reasons why Freud refused to cure a certain category of patients, precisely those who manifested a clear distortion of reality although they were fully aware.Among this category were the schizophrenics but also the psychopaths. Similarly, in Mask of Sanity, Cleckley concluded that psychotherapeutic treatments to treat psychopathy have been disappointing in the sense that they failed to provoke changes to the psychopath’s daily behavior. Therefore, the best approach to the treatment of psychopathy is that which takes into consideration the environmental factors and attacks the problem fro m its basis by providing the child with psychopathic tendencies a secure environment where he can learn to anticipate his negative instincts by developing a positive sense of the self.Some believe that the control of psychopathy lies in institutional programs. From January 1954 to February 1955, a study at the Wiltwyck School In New York was conducted. The institutional program at work in the school emphasized a loving permissive environment which gradually replaced permissiveness by efforts to teach social control and responsibility. As a result, the children developing psychopathic disorders responded positively to the treatment. They showed an increase in the internalization of social standards which allowed them to re- experience feelings of guilt and shame.In conclusion, considering the fact that there is no real treatment which has proven to be effective on a larger scale, it is dangerous to let the psychopaths operate in everyday life by lack of social structures. Hare notes the connection between psychopathy and domestic abuse. Psychopaths are generally intelligent and superficially charming enabling them to exploit others’ weaknesses. In a culture that promotes superficial values, the psychopath will thrive.